Summary of Policy Paper on Community Based Policing
Judging by the rampant cases of conflicts across the globe, communities have been left with very little or no confidence on the ability of their states to provide security for the populations. In fact, quite a number live in fear while some have even escaped their homes to camps for fear of attacks. In order to restore the confidence of communities in their respective states with regards to security, governments have come up with various measures, one of which is the institution of community based policing. In many countries across the world, various governments have been able to formulate and implement laws that provide for the establishment of community based policing to enhance security.
Community based policing comprises the participation of police in gathering intelligence around the existing communities. On the other hand, the community is also required to actively take part in responding to police cooperation through its own policing strategies and policies. The community is expected to totally support the police in ensuring safety and cohesion in the entire community. The concept of community policing requires that the police should not exercise and undertake policing through coercion but consent.
Community based policing also requires that the police should be partly affiliated to the community and not apart for a collective initiative. The police force should encourage the community to be partners in the fight against crime by sharing of crucial information. The community in conjunction with the police should undertake the identification for action on the needs of the community. This would be helpful in the effective delivery of a safe environment.
In Community based policing, the police are expected to work together with other security organs and the community so as to make sure that there is an ease of work and efficiency in protecting the community. The cooperation is essential for ensuring that both parties that are involved in policing are able to effectively execute their responsibilities.
According to the United Nations Report released in 2012, community based policing is a program aimed at the restoration and re-establishment of public confidence in the ability of the state security apparatus to provide a safe and secure environment for the people. The report points out that the basic principle of community based policing is that the success of the operations of the police force shall depend on the body’s cooperation with the community. The UN has even made a step further by initiating the UN peace keeping forces that are charged with the responsibility of making sure that community based policing is implemented successfully in the member states.
The UN peace keeping forces are mandated to advice, monitor, train and also implement various policies as outlined in community based policing. Besides, they are also charged with the restoration of communication channels between the government security apparatus and the community so that the mechanisms that are put in place for community intelligence are effectively functional. All these are aimed at ensuring that the safety and security of citizens is upheld at all levels. Community based policing has been quite successful in most developed countries and it is advisable that nations that are faced with frequent conflicts should get lessons from them.
There are several benefits that have been yielded by community based policing in the countries where it has been successfully implemented. If effectively implemented, community based policing can go a long way in enhancing the livelihood and wellbeing of a population. Besides, it can also be an ideal instrument for the eradication of poverty and economic development in the society.