Ottoman Empire Timeline
Background of the Ottoman Empire TimeLine
The Ottoman Empire timeline offers an insight of a series of events that took place in the Ottoman Empire. The Empire started off in what is now modern day Turkey and reached out to different parts of Europe, Asia and Africa. Its primary purpose was to gain more land and to spread Islamic teachings of its rulers. It is also worth noting the rulers of the Empire and the Ottoman-Empire itself was the longest continuous dynasty in history.
A closer look at the Ottoman Empire Timeline
Osman leads the Empire in 1300 A.D to help with the major battle. He leads the troops, fights and displaces the Seljuk Turks to become the leader of the new Ottoman dynasty.
1326- Creation of a New Capital
Osman troops under his leadership lay siege to Bursa city in the northwest of Turkey. When the city cripples, Bursa is made the capital of the dynasty. Osman however dies in 1326.
1326 A.D Continuation of family line
Orhan, son of Osman rules the dynasty after the death of his father. He gains a lot of control of Thrace in 1345. His son Murad I rules next and sets up a system to train all ex slaves into elite soldiers popularly known as Janissaries. He later dies in the battle field after defeating the Serbians.
1400 A.D, a win and a loss
Bayezid extends Ottoman Empire from Danube River in Bulgaria to River Euphrates in the East. Mongolian raiders later crush his troops in Turkey in 1404, imprisoning him. Within the same year, Bayezid dies and Ottoman Empire is split amongst his sons.
1402 A.D Civil war and Victory
In 1402, Bayezid’s sons fight for control of the dynasty. In 1413, Mehmed wins and reunites the entire and later died in 1421.
1453-End of the Byzantine Empire
In 1453, Mehmed II lays siege to Byzantine capital of Constantinople. He uses the opportunity to bombard the walls for eight weeks. Fighting continues but the Byzantine capital was defeated by Emperor Constantine XI who later died in the battle. The city is now modern day Istanbul.
1453 A.D –Flourishing of Ottoman Culture
Mehmed II rules the dynasty for thirty years and during his reign, Istanbul became a hub of economic, political and cultural events. Roads, bazaars, inns, baths, mosques and roads were built and today, special tax is charged to non-muslims.
1520-Suleyman I Reigns
Suleyman I was one of the best and powerful leaders of the dynasty. He was known as Suleyman the magnificent and he conquered Western Asia and Southeast of Europe in his desire to convert many individuals to Islam. The dynasty reached its peak under his leadership.
1566-Decline of Ottoman Empire
Suleyman I died between 1566 and his son Selim II took over the empire. He was not like the father and never goes to fights and his government became unstable. Turkish fleet was smashed during his reign at the Battle of Lepanto in Greece.
1606 A.D –at war with Persia
Poor leadership continued in the empire reducing its threat on European world. War begins with Persians and continues till late 1639. However, Turks capture Crete from Venetians in the same year.
1683- A losing battle
Ottomans in 1683 make an effort to conquer Venice in 1683 to no success. In 1697, Austrian troops push into the territory in Hungary. Turks are defeated at Zenta. Turks give up most of their land in the region to ensure peace.
1821 A.D to 1912 AD
At the beginning of 1821, Greece revolts against the dynasty leading to strong struggle that saw Greece seek the help of France, Britain and Russia and won their independence in 1830.
More losses occurred in 1878 A.D as Abdul Hamit II tried to instill reforms into the area including a parliament and a constitution but to no success. In 1878, Congress of Berlin acknowledged Independence of Serbia, Bulgaria and Romania.
In 1912 and 1913 A.D, two battles or Balkan wars occurred aimed at taking over European lands that belonged to Ottoman dynasty. Its efforts were fruitful.
The end of the war and a dynasty in Ottoman Empire Timeline
Ottoman Empire at the First World War sided with Central Powers and lost in the war. Signing of treaties took place leading to the dissolution of the empire. The Republic of Turkey was then created in 1923.
The Ottoman Empire which reigned for more than 600 years will be best remembered for its strong leadership, glory and cultural influences that impacted the lands they conquered.
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